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July 29, 2004
October 5, 2014
2nd (West) at M, Looking East (see more)

You may or may not be aware that this week the National Archives posted online the 3.8 million pages that made up the 1940 census. They aren't yet searchable by name, but they are browsable by "enumeration district." This means that if you don't mind waiting for huge images to load, you can in essence wander from street to street and find out all manner of information about the people who lived there 72 years ago.
Since I've had a little bit of experience with census digging (I did a lot of my family's geneaology back in the early 2000s, before I began some other project that soon sucked up all my free time), I took a few minutes and found the links to the five enumeration districts that cover Near Southeast, along with the map that shows their locations.
So, if you live in Capitol Quarter, ED 204 covers you (from 2nd to 5th and Virginia to M). ED 203 goes east from 5th to 11th, while ED 205 includes all the blocks between 2nd and South Capitol north of M, for you Velocity/Onyx/CHT/Capitol Yards folks. ED 206 goes from M to the Waterfront and over to what's now the WASA site, while ED 207 covers the Navy Yard, which at that time ran from New Jersey Avenue to 11th. (It's actually funny how those boundaries from 72 years ago do a pretty good job of reflecting how the neighborhood's various sub-areas are still seen today.)
This was more than 10 years before the Cappers were built, but the neighborhood wasn't exactly a rich enclave. Plus, not many houses that were standing in 1940 remain in existence today, so only a few people will get the fun of seeing who actually lived in their house back then. But I thought one or two people might enjoy wandering through the many pages to get a feel for the people who lived in Near Southeast as World War II was looming. (You'll probably want to use the Questions Asked page to guide you across the columns. Note that the street name is written vertically in the first column, with the house number next. And the pages don't always perfectly follow the grid, so you may need to page through much of the ED to find the spot you're looking for. Plus, the image display is really cruddy right now, so using the option to download an entire ED and then browsing with the image viewer on your own computer might be preferable.)
Please post in the comments anything interesting you find--you'll make an old lady historian very happy.
(And I guess I might have to dig up the same information for earlier censuses. Not tonight.)
PS: If you don't live in one of these EDs, you can wander through the city map to find yours.
Comments (4)
 
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JD says: (4/4/12 9:20 PM)
And I should mention that I've already done this for my own outside-the-boundaries residence. Our typical Capitol Hill rowhouse was home to a family of three--plus three lodgers!


Shogungts says: (4/5/12 12:47 AM)
Thanks for posting this JD, I live in a small condo building (11 units) across from Garfield park (also just outside of your blog's area) and unfortunately there does not appear to be a way to map the answers to specific units in our building (especially since there were only 8 units on the survey), but there were some interesting answers. Highlights include everyone renting and paying $31 dollars a month and my favorite occupation was 'salad girl' at a restaurant.

Thanks again for providing that map the ED codes as I was getting very frustrated trying to load the huge DC images and sort through them.


crice says: (4/5/12 11:03 AM)
Thanks for posting this information on enumeration districts. It's a real time saver in digging into these records.

Ancestry.com is hosting the 1940 Census information and allowing free access through April 10. I found their site at ancestry.com/1940-census to be a bit friendlier and quicker than 1940census.archives.gov.

I also found stevemorse.org/census/unified.html to be a useful tool for figuring out enumeration districts and accessing the archived information.



stax says: (4/10/12 11:28 AM)
These glimpses into the past are fascinating. I have looked at the censuses for some of the Capitol Quarter blocks back to 1880. I have always though the the neighborhood was occupied by Navy Yard employees when employment peaked there around WWI, but that does not seem to be the case. Most of the residents were African American renters and the predominant occupations were "washerwoman," domestic servant, and laborer.

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City Government Data for Near Southeast Records added or updated recently displayed here; click the "archive" links to see additional detail and older records. All data from DC Government databases and RSS feeds. JDLand takes no responsibility for errors, omissions, etc. (read CapStat disclaimer). Data is retrieved daily.

Recent Crime Incidents Archive  
200 B/O M ST SE   THEFT /  10/12/14
200 B/O I ST SE   THEFT /  10/08/14
70 B/O I ST SE   THEFT F/AUTO /  10/08/14
800 B/O L ST SE   BURGLARY /  10/07/14
9TH ST SE AND POTOMAC AVE SE   THEFT F/AUTO /  10/03/14
100 B/O K ST SE   THEFT F/AUTO /  10/03/14
VIRGINIA AVE SE AND 8TH ST SE   THEFT F/AUTO /  09/28/14
6D   THEFT F/AUTO /  09/27/14
1100 B/O NEW JERSEY AVE SE   THEFT /  09/26/14
300 B/O WATER ST SE   THEFT /  09/24/14
50 B/O M ST SE   THEFT /  09/24/14
6D   THEFT F/AUTO /  09/23/14
6D   THEFT F/AUTO /  09/23/14
1100 B/O NEW JERSEY AVE SE   THEFT /  09/23/14
1100 B/O NEW JERSEY AVE SE   THEFT /  09/23/14
700 B/O M ST SE   THEFT /  09/23/14
1200 B/O 12TH ST SE   THEFT F/AUTO /  09/23/14
1300 B/O M ST SE   THEFT /  09/22/14

Active Public Space Permits Archive  
1331 2ND ST SE    Carlton Ray 
Assigned
paving; streetfixture; excavation  
 02/10/14
to
02/09/15
1331 4TH ST SE    Forest City Forest City 
Issued
excavation; new  
 01/10/14
to
02/10/15
301 TINGEY ST SE    Potbelly Sandwich Works LLC 
Issued
new  
 03/21/12
to
11/27/14

Recent Issued Building Permits Archive  
1212 4TH ST SE   
10/10/14 
FORREST CITY
TL1500006 / CONSTRUCTION
CHANGE OWNER ADDRESS ON EXISTING BUILDING PERMIT TL1400136
1019 4TH ST SE   
10/14/14 
JOHN SHORT
F1500026 / CONSTRUCTION
WE WILL INSTALL AN ORNAMENTAL IRON FENCE IN THE FRONT YARD WITH A GATE. THE FENCE IS 3 FEET HIGH AND THE FENCE WILL BE BLACK IRON. FENCE IS ENTIRELY ON PUBLIC SPACE.
1212 4TH ST SE   
09/30/14 
FOREST CITY LLC / FRED GRIFFITH; FOREST CITY LLC; JAY LIVESAY
E74701637 / SUPPLEMENTAL
   
10/16/14 
FC 1212 LLC / PAUL R. JABLONSKI
E1500411 / SUPPLEMENTAL
   
10/16/14 
FC 1212 LLC / ARK SIGN SERVICES INC.; NONE
SG1500034 / CONSTRUCTION
INSTALL ONE WALL MOUNTED ILLUMINATED SIGN.
1103 9TH ST SE   
10/10/14 
ICP PARTNERS POTOMAC 810 LLC / HARRY RIDGEWAY
P1500293 / SUPPLEMENTAL
1220 12TH ST SE   
10/10/14 
WASHINGTON GAS LIGHT CO /
P1500284 / SUPPLEMENTAL
80 M ST SE   
10/10/14 
VEIC / GEORGE DELGADO
B1411521 / CONSTRUCTION
INTERIOR ALTERATION TO SUITE 310 AS REQUIRED FOR EXPANSION. WORK TO INCLUDE ELECTRICAL MECHANICAL AND PLUMBING
20 M ST SE   
10/17/14 
SOUTHEAST REALTY LLC / DAMON ELLIS; .
SG1400457 / CONSTRUCTION
INSTALLATION OF NEW NON ELECTRIC SIGN 10FT L 1FT 8IN H 3IN W
99 M ST SE   
10/07/14 
BALLPARK SQUARE 701 LLC / STEVEN ADAMCHAK ECS MID-ATLANTIC LLC
SB1400475 / CONSTRUCTION
TWO GEOTECHNICAL BORINGS TO A AN APPROXIMATE DEPTH OF 60 FT BELOW EXISTING SITE GRADES TO BE LOCATED WITHIN PRIVATE PROPERTY. TWO BORINGS WILL BE CONVERTED TO TEMPORARY MONITORING WELLS.
100 M ST SE   
10/01/14 
SQUARE 743 INC / CARLOS E. MONTES
P1500062 / SUPPLEMENTAL
   
10/10/14 
SQUARE 743 INC /
P1500281 / SUPPLEMENTAL
   
10/07/14 
SQUARE 743 INC / ANTHONY G SAMBURG
E1500145 / SUPPLEMENTAL
   
10/15/14 
NORTHWOOD INVESTERS LLC / STANLEY HUBBARD; NORTHWOOD INVESTERS LLC; STANLEY HUBBARD
E14516088 / SUPPLEMENTAL
   
10/17/14 
WASHINGTON D.C. / GARY MCVEY; WASHINGTON D.C.; GARY MCVEY
E50257566 / SUPPLEMENTAL
901 M ST SE   
10/16/14 
CARLTON RAY
AH1500035 / CONSTRUCTION
TO PERFORM TEMPORARY LANE CLOSURES
1201 M ST SE   
10/14/14 
COMCAST CABLE / MICHAEL SONESEN
AH1500018 / CONSTRUCTION
PLACING INNERDUCT IN EXISTING VERIZON MANHOLES. OCTOBER 9 2014 ? NOVEMBER 9. 2014. 7PM ? 2AM WEEKNIGHTS ? SATURDAYS
   
10/16/14 
CARLTON RAY
AH1500034 / CONSTRUCTION
TO PERFORM TEMPORARY LANE CLOSURES
1000 NEW JERSEY AVE SE   
10/14/14 
CAPITOL HILL TOWER HOUSING COOPERATIVE INCF / RICHARD G. FINFROCK
P1500331 / SUPPLEMENTAL
1111 NEW JERSEY AVE SE   
10/10/14 
DONOHOE DEVELOPMENT COMPANY / HERB LAWHORN
SB1400488 / CONSTRUCTION
A HOLLOW STEM AUGER WILL INSTALL 10 TEMPORARY DEWATERING WELLS BY ADVANCING A 12 INCH OUTER DIAMETER / 8 1 / 4 INCH INNER DIAMETER BORE HOLE TO A DEPTH OF 70 FEET BGS. AT DEPTH A 4 INCH PVC FLUSH JOINT THREADED WELL ASSEMBLY WILL BE SET AND SELECT FILTER PLACED. INTO EACH WELL WILL BE INSTALLED 2 HP TURBINE SUBMERSIBLE PUMPS. EFFLUENT WILL BE DIRECTED THROUGH A COMMON MANIFOLD TO A BAFFLED SETTLIN...
   
10/16/14 
GALLERY CAPITOL RIVERFRONT / THOMAS P MCGUIRE
E1500402 / SUPPLEMENTAL
25 POTOMAC AVE SE   
10/02/14 
MRP / ANDREW WILLINGH BOHLER ENGINEERING; DAN DUKE
BCIV1400038 / CONSTRUCTION
SITE GRADING STORM WATER IMPROVEMENTS BIORETENTION AREA INSTALLATION AND SITE UTILITIES
   
10/08/14 
MRP REALTY / JASON BENTLEY
SH1400037 / CONSTRUCTION
SHEETING AND SHORING FOR NEW BUILDING
300 TINGEY ST SE   
10/01/14 
FC BOILERMAKER LLC /
P1500031 / SUPPLEMENTAL
   
10/06/14 
FC BOILERMAKER LLC FC BOILERMAKER LLC / FC BOILERMAKER FC BOILERMAKER LLC
B1500169 / CONSTRUCTION
INSTALLATION OF KITCHEN FIRE SUPPRESSION SYSTEM
   
10/15/14 
FC BOILERMAKER LLC / BIRKHEAD ELECTRIC INC.; ERIN ANCHOR SIGN INC
SG1500023 / CONSTRUCTION
2-COMMERCIAL SIGN INSTALLATION
AH = After Hours; B = Alteration & Repair; D = Demolition; E = Electrical; FB = Boiler; M = Mechanical; P = Plumbing and Gas; PC = Post Card; R = Raze; SG = Sign; TL = Tenant Layout; TN = Tent; RW = Retaining Wall;

Real Property Sales Archive  
CUSHING PL   09/11/14
$ 9,000,000
HALF STREET RESIDENTIAL PJV LLC
 
HALF ST   09/11/14
$ 12,500,000
HALF STREET RESIDENTIAL PJV LLC
 
N ST   09/11/14
$ 12,500,000
HALF STREET RESIDENTIAL PJV LLC
 
CUSHING PL   09/11/14
$ 9,000,000
HALF STREET RESIDENTIAL PJV LLC
 
N ST   09/11/14
$ 12,500,000
HALF STREET RESIDENTIAL PJV LLC
 
N ST   09/11/14
$ 12,500,000
HALF STREET RESIDENTIAL PJV LLC
 
HALF ST   09/11/14
$ 12,500,000
MR BP RESIDENTIAL #1A LLC
 
N ST   09/11/14
$ 12,500,000
MR BP RESIDENTIAL #1A LLC
 
0025 POTOMAC AV   08/08/14
$ 78,486,500
RIVERFRONT HOLDINGS I LLC
 


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