Since January, 2003

October 18, 2003

May 12, 2007
2nd (East) at M, Looking South (see more)

You may or may not be aware that this week the National Archives posted online the 3.8 million pages that made up the 1940 census. They aren't yet searchable by name, but they are browsable by "enumeration district." This means that if you don't mind waiting for huge images to load, you can in essence wander from street to street and find out all manner of information about the people who lived there 72 years ago.
Since I've had a little bit of experience with census digging (I did a lot of my family's geneaology back in the early 2000s, before I began some other project that soon sucked up all my free time), I took a few minutes and found the links to the five enumeration districts that cover Near Southeast, along with the map that shows their locations.
So, if you live in Capitol Quarter, ED 204 covers you (from 2nd to 5th and Virginia to M). ED 203 goes east from 5th to 11th, while ED 205 includes all the blocks between 2nd and South Capitol north of M, for you Velocity/Onyx/CHT/Capitol Yards folks. ED 206 goes from M to the Waterfront and over to what's now the WASA site, while ED 207 covers the Navy Yard, which at that time ran from New Jersey Avenue to 11th. (It's actually funny how those boundaries from 72 years ago do a pretty good job of reflecting how the neighborhood's various sub-areas are still seen today.)
This was more than 10 years before the Cappers were built, but the neighborhood wasn't exactly a rich enclave. Plus, not many houses that were standing in 1940 remain in existence today, so only a few people will get the fun of seeing who actually lived in their house back then. But I thought one or two people might enjoy wandering through the many pages to get a feel for the people who lived in Near Southeast as World War II was looming. (You'll probably want to use the Questions Asked page to guide you across the columns. Note that the street name is written vertically in the first column, with the house number next. And the pages don't always perfectly follow the grid, so you may need to page through much of the ED to find the spot you're looking for. Plus, the image display is really cruddy right now, so using the option to download an entire ED and then browsing with the image viewer on your own computer might be preferable.)
Please post in the comments anything interesting you find--you'll make an old lady historian very happy.
(And I guess I might have to dig up the same information for earlier censuses. Not tonight.)
PS: If you don't live in one of these EDs, you can wander through the city map to find yours.
Comments (4)
More posts: census, Rearview Mirror
 

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Comments

JD says: (4/4/12 9:20 PM)
And I should mention that I've already done this for my own outside-the-boundaries residence. Our typical Capitol Hill rowhouse was home to a family of three--plus three lodgers!


Shogungts says: (4/5/12 12:47 AM)
Thanks for posting this JD, I live in a small condo building (11 units) across from Garfield park (also just outside of your blog's area) and unfortunately there does not appear to be a way to map the answers to specific units in our building (especially since there were only 8 units on the survey), but there were some interesting answers. Highlights include everyone renting and paying $31 dollars a month and my favorite occupation was 'salad girl' at a restaurant.

Thanks again for providing that map the ED codes as I was getting very frustrated trying to load the huge DC images and sort through them.

crice says: (4/5/12 11:03 AM)
Thanks for posting this information on enumeration districts. It's a real time saver in digging into these records.

Ancestry.com is hosting the 1940 Census information and allowing free access through April 10. I found their site at ancestry.com/1940-census to be a bit friendlier and quicker than 1940census.archives.gov.

I also found stevemorse.org/census/unified.html to be a useful tool for figuring out enumeration districts and accessing the archived information.



stax says: (4/10/12 11:28 AM)
These glimpses into the past are fascinating. I have looked at the censuses for some of the Capitol Quarter blocks back to 1880. I have always though the the neighborhood was occupied by Navy Yard employees when employment peaked there around WWI, but that does not seem to be the case. Most of the residents were African American renters and the predominant occupations were "washerwoman," domestic servant, and laborer.

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Records added or updated recently displayed here; click the "archive" links to see additional detail and older records. All data from DC Government databases and RSS feeds. JDLand takes no responsibility for errors, omissions, etc. (read CapStat disclaimer). Data is retrieved daily.

Recent Crime Incidents Archive  
100 B/O L ST SE   THEFT F/AUTO /  04/05/14
1500 B/O SOUTH CAPITOL ST   THEFT /  04/04/14
330 B/O K ST SE   THEFT /  04/04/14
16 B/O M ST SE   THEFT /  04/04/14
700 B/O L ST SE   THEFT /  04/03/14

Active Public Space Permits Archive  
1011 1ST ST SE    COLIN CLARK 
Pending
excavation; new  
 03/03/14
to
05/01/14
    COLIN CLARK 
Approved (Pending Payment)
paving; landscaping; new  
 04/23/14
to
06/27/14
1331 2ND ST SE    Carlton Ray 
Assigned
paving; streetfixture; excavation  
 02/10/14
to
02/09/15
1201 M ST SE    Michael Manoski 
Pending Document
excavation  
 05/06/13
to
05/05/14
1333 M ST SE    WASHINGTON GAS 
Assigned
excavation  
 05/01/13
to
04/30/14
1111 NEW JERSEY AVE SE    NJA Associates LLC 
Assigned
paving; streetfixture; landscaping; excavation; new  
 06/03/13
to
06/02/14
301 TINGEY ST SE    Chuchart Kampirapang 
Assigned
 
 06/07/13
to
06/06/14
    Potbelly Sandwich Works LLC 
Issued
new  
 03/21/12
to
11/27/14

Recent Issued Building Permits Archive  
1011 1ST ST SE   
04/09/14 
MILLER?LONG
AH1400386 / CONSTRUCTION
AFTERHOURS TO TAKE DOWN TOWER CRANE WITH 200 TON CRANE SAT ? SUN 4 / 12 / 2014 AND 4 / 13 / 2014 FROM 5AM TO 9PM
   
04/21/14 
TOLL DC LP / DELAWARE ELEVATOR INC
EN1401543 / SHOP DRAWING
TYPE OF ELEVATOR : ONE (1) MRL / STEEL / FRONT OF BLGD / PASSENGER. (VELOCITY RIVER PARK / PLASE 2 / CAR A)
1381 1ST ST SE   
04/07/14 
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA /
SB1400233 / CONSTRUCTION
INSTALLATION OF 3 GEO SOIL BORINGS TO A DEPTH OF 30FT 4' DIAMETER USING GEOPROBE 3 OUT OF 3 ARE TMMW
1212 4TH ST SE   
04/09/14 
GSA GSA / BRIAN FREW; GSA GSA; JOSEPH RICHARDS
E37554102 / SUPPLEMENTAL
1000 5TH ST SE   
04/04/14 
DC HOUSING AUTHORITY / KIM MITCHELL CDKM CONSULTING LLC
B1404942 / CONSTRUCTION
TEMPORARY CONSTRUCTION TRAILER TEMPORARY CONSTRUCTION FENCE AROUND THE PERIMETER OF THE PROPERTY AND TWO PORTA POTTIES AND TO INCREASE TO A TOTAL OF 4 PORTA POTTIES AT THE PEAK OF CONSTRUCTION. TRAILERS WILL BE ON BLOCKED ON TEMPORARY CMU BLOCKS - POWERED FROM TEMPORARY SERVICE BY PEPCO TRAILERS WILL BE EQUIPPED WITH RESTROOM SYSTEM THAT WILL BE SERVICED - NO PLUMBING LINES AS THEY ARE SELF CONTAINED
   
04/11/14 
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA HOUSING AUTHORITY / KIM MITCHELL CDKM CONSULTING LLC
SH1400015 / CONSTRUCTION
SHEETING ? SHORING FOR NEW COMMUNITY CENTER
1220 12TH ST SE   
04/15/14 
WASHINGTON GAS LIGHT CO / STEPHEN R. HOLMAN
P1404623 / SUPPLEMENTAL
1015 HALF ST SE   
04/09/14 
HALF ST SE LLC / SAM HOLLEN RAMCO OF DC INC.
B1405731 / CONSTRUCTION
INTERIOR RENOVATION FOR 1ST FLOOR SERVICE CORRIDOR. PARTITIONS DOORS MECHANICAL ELECTRICAL AND LIFE SAFETY.
75 I ST SE   
04/07/14 
DRI DEVELOPMENT SERVICES LLC / JOSE S ALVARADO; DRI DEVELOPMENT LLC; JOSE S ALVARADO
E16994763 / SUPPLEMENTAL
   
04/07/14 
DRI DEVELOPMENT SERVICES LLC / JOSE S ALVARADO; DRI DEVELOPMENT LLC; JOSE S ALVARADO
E10943636 / SUPPLEMENTAL
409 I ST SE   
04/07/14 
SCOTT A FAULK TRUSTEE / RALPH THREATT
E1404619 / SUPPLEMENTAL
309 K ST SE   
04/06/14 
GERRITT LANG
PC61450444 / POST CARD
REPLACEMENT OF NOT MORE THAN 1 GAS APPLIANCE ON A RESIDENTIAL COMMERCIAL OR INDUSTRIAL PROJECT.
306 L ST SE   
04/17/14 
MICHAEL THOMPSON
B1311538 / CONSTRUCTION
1.CRAWL SPACE FOUNDATION REPAIR CRAWL SPACE UNDERPINNING AND EXCAVATION 2. ADD CONCRETE SLAB AND EGRESS WINDOW. 3. UPGRADE EXISTING ELECTRICAL PLUMBING AND MOVE MECHANICAL CLOSET
601 L ST SE   
04/21/14 
DC HOUSING AUTHORITY / ANGEL REYNOLDS
SH1400035 / CONSTRUCTION
TEMPORARY SHEETING AND SHORING REQUIRED TO ALLOW CONSTRUCTION PF NEW BUILDING AT 601 L ST SE.
50 M ST SE   
04/17/14 
KEN FINKELSTEIN ENGLEWOOD LLC / DAVID BOOKBINDE ECS MID-ATLANTIC LLC
SB1400244 / CONSTRUCTION
A TOTAL OF 6 BORINGS WILL BE ADVANCED ACROSS THE PROPERTY WITH A GEOPROBE DRILL RIG TO A DEPTH OF 25 FEET BELOW SURFACE GRADE. THE DIAMETER OF THE BOREHOLE WILL BE 2.25 INCHES. SOIL WILL BE SCREENED THROUGHOUT THE DEPTH OF EACH BORING AND EACH 5-FOOT COMPOSITE SAMPLE WILL BE ANALYZED. GROUNDWATER WILL BE COLLECTED FROM TEMPORARY WELLS IN THREE BORINGS IF ENCOUNTERED. ALL BORINGS WILL BE GROUTED WITH APPROVED BENTONITE SLURRY UPON COMPLETION. SEE WORKPLAN FOR ADDITIONAL DETAILS.
901 M ST SE   
04/14/14 
CARLTON RAY / DANIEL SCHAALE
AH1400397 / CONSTRUCTION
EXCAVATION IN ROADWAY
1201 M ST SE   
04/14/14 
CARLTON RAY / DANIEL SCHAALE
AH1400396 / CONSTRUCTION
EXCAVATION IN ROADWAY
   
04/14/14 
SAMUEL PAXTON
PC81065987 / POST CARD
REPLACEMENT OF NOT MORE THAN 1 PLUMBING FIXTURE ON A RESIDENTIAL COMMERCIAL OR INDUSTRIAL PROJECT.
86 N ST SE   
04/17/14 
BELFAST VALLEY CONTRACTORS / KIM MITCHELL CDKM CONSULTING LLC
TC1400011 / CONSTRUCTION
ERECT TEMPORARY TOWER CRANE AT 1ST AND N ST SE
1000 NEW JERSEY AVE SE   
04/14/14 
PHILIP BROWN
PC47087282 / POST CARD
REPLACEMENT OF NOT MORE THAN 1 GAS APPLIANCE ON A RESIDENTIAL COMMERCIAL OR INDUSTRIAL PROJECT.
1500 SOUTH CAPITOL ST SE   
04/07/14 
WASHINGTON NATIONALS STADIUM LLC / FRED GRIFFITH; WASHINGTON NATIONALS STADIUM LLC; JAY LIVESAY
E53144683 / SUPPLEMENTAL
301 TINGEY ST SE   
04/11/14 
NA NA NA
EHOP1490466 / HOME OCCUPATION
   
04/11/14 
NA NA NA
EHOP1490467 / HOME OCCUPATION
301 WATER ST SE   
04/04/14 
FC LUMBER SHED LLC / RICHARD V CAREY
P1404549 / SUPPLEMENTAL
AH = After Hours; B = Alteration & Repair; D = Demolition; E = Electrical; FB = Boiler; M = Mechanical; P = Plumbing and Gas; PC = Post Card; R = Raze; SG = Sign; TL = Tenant Layout; TN = Tent; RW = Retaining Wall;

Real Property Sales Archive  
No commercial transaction records added or modified in the past two weeks.


Projects Underway
Twelve12/Yards
Park Chelsea
Southeast Blvd.
River Parc
  
Nationals Park
Visiting Nats Park
What's New Around the 'Hood
Food Options Map
Parking/Transportation
Ballpark Construction Photos
Stadium Event Photos
In the Pipeline
Hampton Inn
1111 New Jersey
800 NJ/Whole Foods
Lofts at Capitol Quarter
Ballpark Square
New Douglass Bridge
Yards at DC Water
Virginia Ave. Tunnel
99 M St.
Monument/Half Street
Community Center
Capper Apartments
250 M Street
Florida Rock
909 Half Street
Congressional Square
1000 South Capitol
SC1100
New Marine Barracks
Factory 202/Yards
Nat'l Comm. Church
Completed
Lumber Shed ('13)
Boilermaker Shops ('13)
Canal Park ('12)
Capitol Quarter ('12)
225 Virginia/200 I ('12)
Foundry Lofts/Yards ('12)
1015 Half Street ('10)
Yards Park ('10)
Velocity Condos ('09)
Teague Park ('09)
909 NJ Ave. ('09)
55 M ('09)
100 M ('08)
Onyx ('08)
Nationals Park ('08)
70/100 I ('08)
Seniors Bldg Dem. ('07)
400 M ('07)
SoCap Bridge Fix ('07)
US DOT HQ ('07)
20 M ('07)
Capper Seniors 1 ('06)
Capitol Hill Tower ('06)
Courtyard/Marriott ('06)
Overviews
Capper/Carrollsburg
Ballpark District
New Jersey Ave.
M Street
South Capitol St.
WASA
The Yards
Lower 8th Street
East M Street
Boathouse Row


Links of Interest

JDLand.com Wins 2008 Knight-Batten Citizen Media Award
As part of the Knight-Batten Awards for Innovations in Journalism, JDLand was given the 2008 Citizen Media Award. Read all about it.

Capitol Riverfront Business Improvement District
Covering Near Southeast & Buzzard Point.

Studies/Initiatives/Government Documents:
11th Street Bridges EIS
South Capitol St. Bridge EIS
South Capitol Gateway Corridor/Anacostia Access Study
Anacostia Riverwalk Trail
NCPC's New Vision for South Capitol Street (2005 Update)
Anacostia Waterfront Initiative (2005)
Near Southeast Draft Urban Design Framework (2003)
Urban Land Institute South Capitol Street Corridor Report (2003)
Neighborhood Strategic Action Plan (2002)
DC Streetcars (may run down M Street SE someday)

Capitol Gateway and Southeast Federal Center Zoning Overlays
Two documents that spell out in extreme detail exactly what the requirements are for developments along South Capitol, M, in the Ballpark District, and at "The Yards". Read also my short explanatory treatise on these two overlays.

Pre-Redevelopment Media Overviews:
A Transformed Neighborhood Awaits Stadium (WP, 8/15/05)
      includes huge map of development plans
The Morphing of a Forgotten Neighborhood (WP, 9/2/2004)
      A brilliant take on the neighborhood!
Betting Big on Near Southeast (WP, 7/15/04)
Hope for the Waterfront (WBJ, 01)
Seeking a Better View On the Waterfront (WP, 3/8/98)
 

DC Government
Mayor's Office
Planning/Economic Development
   Office of Planning
DC Consumer & Regulatory Agency
DC Office of Zoning
DC Municipal Regulations | Zoning
DC Dept. of Transportation

DC City Council
Tommy Wells

ANCs: 6D | 6B
David Garber (6D07)
Kirsten Oldenburg (6B04)
Police: MPD-1D | PSA 105

Other Organizations
National Capital Planning Commission
Earth Conservation Corps
Capitol Hill Restoration Society
Barracks Row Main Street
Marines Community Integrated Master Plan
 

 

News Publications
The Hill Rag
The Southwester

Other DC Neighborhood/City Blogs
SW DC - The Little Quadrant That Could
The Hill is Home
Congress Heights on the Rise
Greater Greater Washington
WashCycle
Penn Quarter Living
Frozen Tropics
The Triangle
14th and You
The 42
Beyond DC
Richard Layman
 




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